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A communal catalogue reveals Earth's multiscale microbial diversity

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Luke R. Thompson
Jon G. Sanders
Daniel McDonald
Amnon Amir
Joshua Ladau
Kenneth J. Locey
Robert J. Prill
Anupriya Tripathi
Sean M. Gibbons
Gail Ackermann
Jose A. Navas-Molina
Stefan Janssen
Evguenia Kopylova
Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza
Antonio González
James T. Morton
Siavash Mirarab
Zhenjiang Zech Xu
Lingjing Jiang
Mohamed F. Haroon
Jad Kanbar
Qiyun Zhu
Se Jin Song
Tomasz Kosciolek
Nicholas A. Bokulich
Joshua Lefler
Colin J. Brislawn
Gregory Humphrey
Sarah M. Owens
Jarrad Hampton-Marcell
Donna Berg-Lyons
Valerie McKenzie
Noah Fierer
Jed A. Fuhrman
Aaron Clauset
Rick L. Stevens
Ashley Shade
Katherine S. Pollard
Kelly D. Goodwin
Janet K. Jansson
Jack A. Gilbert
Rob Knight
Jose L. Agosto Rivera
Lisa Al-Moosawi
John Alverdy
Katherine R. Amato
Jason Andras
Largus T. Angenent
Dionysios A. Antonopoulos
Amy Apprill
David Armitage
Kate Ballantine
Jiří Bárta
Julia K. Baum
Allison Berry
Ashish Bhatnagar
Monica Bhatnagar
Jennifer F. Biddle
Lucie Bittner
Bazartseren Boldgiv
Eric Bottos
Donal M. Boyer
Josephine Braun
William Brazelton
Francis Q. Brearley
Alexandra H. Campbell
J. Gregory Caporaso
Cesar Cardona
Jo Lynn Carroll
S. Craig Cary
Brenda B. Casper
Trevor C. Charles
Haiyan Chu
Danielle C. Claar
Robert G. Clark
Jonathan B. Clayton
Jose C. Clemente
Alyssa Cochran
Maureen L. Coleman
Gavin Collins
Rita R. Colwell
Mónica Contreras
Benjamin B. Crary
Simon Creer
Daniel A. Cristol
Byron C. Crump
Duoying Cui
Sarah E. Daly
Liliana Davalos
Russell D. Dawson
Jennifer Defazio
Frédéric Delsuc
Hebe M. Dionisi
Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello
Robin Dowell
Eric A. Dubinsky
Peter O. Dunn
Danilo Ercolini
Robert E. Espinoza
Vanessa Ezenwa
Nathalie Fenner
Helen S. Findlay
Irma D. Fleming
Vincenzo Fogliano
Anna Forsman
Chris Freeman
Elliot S. Friedman
Giancarlo Galindo
Liza Garcia
Maria Alexandra Garcia-Amado
David Garshelis
Robin B. Gasser
Gunnar Gerdts
Molly K. Gibson
Isaac Gifford
Ryan T. Gill
Tugrul Giray
Antje Gittel
Peter Golyshin
Donglai Gong
Hans Peter Grossart
Kristina Guyton
Sarah Jane Haig
Vanessa Hale
Ross Stephen Hall
Steven J. Hallam
Kim M. Handley
Nur A. Hasan
Shane R. Haydon
Jonathan E. Hickman
Glida Hidalgo
Kirsten S. Hofmockel
Jeff Hooker
Stefan Hulth
Jenni Hultman
Embriette Hyde
Juan Diego Ibáñez-Álamo
Julie D. Jastrow
Aaron R. Jex
L. Scott Johnson
Eric R. Johnston
Stephen Joseph
Stephanie D. Jurburg
Diogo Jurelevicius
Anders Karlsson
Roger Karlsson
Seth Kauppinen
Colleen T.E. Kellogg
Suzanne J. Kennedy
Lee J. Kerkhof
Gary M. King
George W. Kling
Anson V. Koehler
Monika Krezalek
Jordan Kueneman
Regina Lamendella
Emily M. Landon
Kelly Lanede Graaf
Julie LaRoche
Peter Larsen
Bonnie Laverock
Simon Lax
Miguel Lentino
Iris I. Levin
Pierre Liancourt
Wenju Liang
Alexandra M. Linz
David A. Lipson
Yongqin Liu
Manuel E. Lladser
Mariana Lozada
Catherine M. Spirito
Walter P. MacCormack
Aurora MacRae-Crerar
Magda Magris
Antonio M. Martín-Platero
Manuel Martín-Vivaldi
L. Margarita Martínez
Manuel Martínez-Bueno
Ezequiel M. Marzinelli
Olivia U. Mason
Gregory D. Mayer
Jamie M. McDevitt-Irwin
James E. McDonald
Krista L. McGuire
Katherine D. McMahon
Ryan McMinds
Mónica Medina
Joseph R. Mendelson
Jessica L. Metcalf
Folker Meyer
Fabian Michelangeli
Kim Miller
David A. Mills
Jeremiah Minich
Stefano Mocali
Lucas Moitinho-Silva
Anni Moore
Rachael M. Morgan-Kiss
Paul Munroe
David Myrold
Josh D. Neufeld
Yingying Ni
Graeme W. Nicol
Shaun Nielsen
Jozef I. Nissimov
Kefeng Niu
Matthew J. Nolan
Karen Noyce
Sarah L. O'Brien
Noriko Okamoto
Ludovic Orlando
Yadira Ortiz Castellano
Olayinka Osuolale
Wyatt Oswald
Jacob Parnell
Juan M. Peralta-Sánchez
Peter Petraitis
Catherine Pfister
Elizabeth Pilon-Smits
Paola Piombino
Stephen B. Pointing
F. Joseph Pollock
Caitlin Potter
Bharath Prithiviraj
Christopher Quince
Asha Rani
Ravi Ranjan
Subramanya Rao
Andrew P. Rees
Miles Richardson
Ulf Riebesell
Carol Robinson
Karl J. Rockne
Selena Marie Rodriguezl
Forest Rohwer
Wayne Roundstone
Rebecca J. Safran
Naseer Sangwan
Virginia Sanz
Matthew Schrenk
Mark D. Schrenzel
Nicole M. Scott
Rita L. Seger
Andaine Seguinorlando
Lucy Seldin
Lauren M. Seyler
Baddr Shakhsheer
Gabriela M. Sheets
Congcong Shen
Yu Shi
Hakdong Shin
Benjamin D. Shogan
Dave Shutler
Jeffrey Siegel
Steve Simmons
Sara Sjöling
Daniel P. Smith
Juan J. Soler
Martin Sperling
Peter D. Steinberg
Brent Stephens
Melita A. Stevens
Safiyh Taghavi
Vera Tai
Karen Tait
Chia L. Tan
Neslihan Taş
D. Lee Taylor
Torsten Thomas
Ina Timling
Benjamin L. Turner
Tim Urich
Luke K. Ursell
Daniel Van Der Lelie
William Van Treuren
Lukas Van Zwieten
Daniela Vargas-Robles
Rebecca Vega Thurber
Paola Vitaglione
Donald A. Walker
William A. Walters
Shi Wang
Tao Wang
Tom Weaver
Nicole S. Webster
Beck Wehrle
Pamela Weisenhorn
Sophie Weiss
Jeffrey J. Werner
Kristin West
Andrew Whitehead
Susan R. Whitehead
Linda A. Whittingham
Eske Willerslev
Allison E. Williams
Stephen A. Wood
Douglas C. Woodhams
Yeqin Yang
Jesse Zaneveld
Iratxe Zarraonaindia
Qikun Zhang
Hongxia Zhao
title
A communal catalogue reveals Earth's multiscale microbial diversity
type
journal
year
2017
source
Nature
pages
457-463
volume
551
issue
7681
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
link
https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/89d8c7c9-08f9-3441-92c8-5e03f132f276/(0)

Abstract

AIMS: We have previously suggested that acute ethanol consumption by normal subjects decreases the availability of circulating tryptophan (Trp) to the brain by activating liver Trp pyrrolase, the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the (major) kynurenine pathway of Trp degradation. The aim of the present study was to examine this hypothesis further by measuring plasma levels of kynurenine metabolites following alcohol consumption. METHODS: After an overnight fast and a light breakfast, each of 10 healthy subjects received one of five drinks (placebo and doses of ethanol of 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 g/kg body weight in tonic water) on five different occasions. Blood samples were withdrawn 2 h later and plasma was analysed for concentrations Trp, competing amino acids (CAA) and kynurenine metabolites. RESULTS: Along with the depletion of plasma Trp and the decrease in its availability to the brain, as expressed by the ratio of [Trp]/[CAA], plasma kynurenine was elevated by doses of ethanol of 0.2-0.8 g/kg body weight. The ratio% of [kynurenine]/[Trp], an index of the expression of Trp pyrrolase activity, was also increased by all doses of ethanol. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that activation of liver Trp pyrrolase mediates the depletion of plasma Trp and the decrease in its availability to the brain induced by acute ethanol consumption.

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Identifiers

  • doi: 10.1038/nature24621 (Google search)
  • issn: 14764687
  • sgr: 85034804875
  • isbn: 1476-4687 (Electronic) 0028-0836 (Linking)
  • pmid: 19201692
  • scopus: 2-s2.0-85034804875
  • pui: 619378251

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