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Socially Embedded Preferences, Environmental Externalities, and Reproductive Rights

From Complex Time
Category
General Reference
author-supplied keywords
keywords
authors
Aisha Dasgupta
Partha Dasgupta
title
Aisha dasgupta
type
journal
year
2017
source
Population and Development Review
pages
405-441
volume
43
issue
3
publisher
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
link
http://www.mendeley.com/research/socially-embedded-preferences-environmental-externalities-reproductive-rights(0)

Abstract

Externalities are the unaccounted for consequences for others of actions taken by one or more persons. They are symptoms of institutional failure, which is why they cannot be eliminated without collective action. When externalities are adverse, the moral directives flowing from them can clash with the exercise of personal rights. In this paper we identify a class of environmental externalities in the contemporary world that accompany procreation. We also identify externalities that are allied to socially embedded preferences for family size. Those preferences can give rise to a heightened demand for children, which exacerbates the adverse environmental externalities present people impose on future generations. We show that current indicators of sustainable development undervalue the contribution of family planning programmes. Crude but suggestive estimates of the demand humanity currently makes on the biosphere are used to show that adverse environmental externalities accompanying new births are significant. We provide very rough estimates of the size of the global population that the Earth system can support at a good standard of living. Our analysis is designed only to raise questions that have been neglected, we do not explore policy implications. Much remains unsettled.

Counts

Citation count From Scopus. Refreshed every 5 days.
4
Page views
11

Identifiers

  • doi: 10.1111/padr.12090 (Google search)
  • issn: 17284457
  • sgr: 85026751008
  • scopus: 2-s2.0-85026751008
  • pui: 617672572

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