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Status competition, inequality, and fertility: Implications for the demographic transition

From Complex Time
Category
General Reference
author-supplied keywords
Demographic transition
Fertility
Inequality
Social complexity
Social status
Status competition
keywords
authors
Mary K. Shenk
Hillard S. Kaplan
Paul L. Hooper
title
Status competition, inequality, and fertility: Implications for the demographic transition
type
journal
year
2016
source
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
volume
371
issue
1692
publisher
Royal Society of London
link
http://www.mendeley.com/research/status-competition-inequality-fertility-implications-demographic-transition(1)

Abstract

© 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. The role that social status plays in small-scale societies suggests that status may be important for understanding the evolution of human fertility decisions, and for understanding howsuch decisions play out in modern contexts. This paper explores whether modelling competition for status—in the sense of relative rank within a society—can help shed light on fertility decline and the demographic transition. We develop a model of how levels of inequality and status competition affect optimal investment by parents in the embodied capital (health, strength, and skills) and social status of offspring, focusing on feedbacks between individual decisions and socio-ecological conditions. We find that conditions similar to those in demographic transition societies yield increased investment in both embodied capital and social status, generating substantial decreases in fertility, particularly under conditions of high inequality and intense status competition. We suggest that a complete explanation for both fertility variation in small-scale societies and modern fertility decline will take into account the effects of status competition and inequality.

Counts

Citation count From Scopus. Refreshed every 5 days.
12
Page views
4

Identifiers

  • doi: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0150 (Google search)
  • issn: 14712970
  • sgr: 84961909494
  • scopus: 2-s2.0-84961909494
  • pui: 609395002

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