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The Causal Relationship between Fertility and Infant Mortality: Prospective analyses of a population in transition

From Complex Time
Category
General Reference
author-supplied keywords
Bolivia
Causal relationships
Demographic transition
Evolutionary anthropology
Fertility
Infant mortality
keywords
authors
Hillard Kaplan
Paul L. Hooper
Jonathan Stieglitz
Michael Gurven
title
The Causal Relationship between Fertility and Infant Mortality: Prospective analyses of a population in transition
type
book_section
year
2015
source
Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence
publisher
Oxford University Press
link
http://www.mendeley.com/research/causal-relationship-between-fertility-infant-mortality-prospective-analyses-population-transition(7)

Abstract

© Oxford University Press 2015. All rights reserved. This chapter examines causal processes underlying change in demographic outcomes among the Tsimane of lowland Bolivia. Prospective data collected between 2002 and 2010 shows that the loss of an infant leads to an earlier progression to the next birth, as do prospective measures of maternal health. The total fertility rate is about 8.8, but greater integration with the Bolivian market and educational system is associated with lower fertility rates. The data indicate tangible trade-offs between fertility and infant mortality. Infants of first-time mothers who delay reproduction show significantly improved survival rates. Short interbirth intervals increase the mortality risks of subsequent infants. Indicators of the mother's nutritional and health status also significantly predict infant mortality. These results reflect the bidirectionality of relationships between fertility and mortality that evolutionary biologists and recently demographers have noted: sustained increases as well as decreases in fertility may be characteristic of early stages of demographic transition.

Counts

Citation count From Scopus. Refreshed every 5 days.
6
Page views
23

Identifiers

  • doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.003.0013 (Google search)
  • sgr: 84938629881
  • isbn: 9780191767500
  • scopus: 2-s2.0-84938629881
  • pui: 605515311

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