Santa Fe Institute Collaboration Platform

COMPLEX TIME: Adaptation, Aging, & Arrow of Time

Get Involved!
Contact: Amy P. Chen, Program Manager,

Limits of Prediction in thermodynamic systems: a review

From Complex Time
Revision as of 23:14, January 30, 2019 by RobertMarsland (talk | contribs) (Created page with "{{Reference Material |Meeting=Irreversible Processes in Ecological Evolution |Added by=RobertMarsland |title=Limits of Prediction in thermodynamic systems: a review |authors=R...")

(diff) ← Older revision | Approved revision (diff) | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
General Reference
author-supplied keywords
Robert Marsland III
Jeremy England
Limits of Prediction in thermodynamic systems: a review
Reports on Progress in Physics


The past twenty years have seen a resurgence of interest in nonequilibrium thermodynamics, thanks to advances in the theory of stochastic processes and in their thermodynamic interpretation. Fluctuation theorems provide fundamental constraints on the dynamics of systems arbitrarily far from thermal equilibrium. Thermodynamic uncertainty relations bound the dissipative cost of precision in a wide variety of processes. Concepts of excess work and excess heat provide the basis for a complete thermodynamics of nonequilibrium steady states, including generalized Clausius relations and thermodynamic potentials. But these general results carry their own limitations: fluctuation theorems involve exponential averages that can depend sensitively on unobservably rare trajectories; steady-state thermodynamics makes use of a dual dynamics that lacks any direct physical interpretation. This review aims to present these central results of contemporary nonequilibrium thermodynamics in such a way that the power of each claim for making physical predictions can be clearly assessed, using examples from current topics in soft matter and biophysics.


Citation count From Scopus. Refreshed every 5 days.
Page views
1Error!"Error!" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 1.


Add a file